We built software to control temperatures and humidities, to control the analyzer sampling systems, and to provide the graphical user interface for all monitoring activities. We also helped build dynamic simulation models to predict critical variables such as CO2 levels.
The software was installed and used for the project. This project also inspired our research on HVAC systems, funded by NIST.
For further information
The presentation Biosphere 2: A Space Settlement Prototype 30 years ahead of its time (pdf) offers a retrospective on its unique contributions to understanding the complexities of sustaining life outside earth. The presentation was to the AIAA (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics) Annual Technical Symposium (Houston), October 24, 2020. There also a video of the AIAA Biosphere 2 presentation on the Houston AIAA site. An earlier 2003 presentation made to NASA Johnson Space Center (pdf) provided a less comprehensive overview, focusing more on details of the G2-based real time expert system used for monitoring.
The work also inspired research leading to a government grant from NIST to study fault diagnosis in VAV (Variable Air Volume) systems, an advanced (but failure-prone) form of HVAC. The final report on that HVAC diagnostics study can be found at NIST Final Report: A New Methodology for Fault Detection Observers in VAV Systems .